Dr. Ocampo's current book project examines how a sense of belonging or lack of belonging to U.S. society influence political interest and engagement among Latinos. To date, there have been few inquiries that investigate perceived social belonging or lack of belonging to U.S. society and the political ramifications of these predispositions. To address this puzzle, this project develops a novel theoretical framework and original measure of perceived social inclusion to understand how feelings of membership to the broader U.S. society are at the core of the political incorporation process for racial, ethnic and religious minorities. This multi-method project relies on original survey and experimental data as well as in-depth interviews to determine (1.) what factors influence Latinos to have varying perceptions of social inclusion, and (2.) under what conditions do perceptions of inclusion or exclusion either catalyze or depress political engagement. The findings demonstrate that after accounting for demographics, socioeconomic factors, and other traditional predictors of political behavior, a sense of belonging is a unique and an independent driver of political interest and various forms of political engagement among Latinos. The results indicate that perceptions of belonging to U.S. society, as well as perceptions of respect and being valued by other Americans, are significant drivers of Latino political engagement. This project builds on existent theories of political behavior as it presents a novel framework and a new measure to understand political engagement not only among Latinos but also among other racial, ethnic and religious minorities.

A second large scale project in Dr. Ocampo's research examines the incorporation of minorities into American political institutions. Dr. Ocampo is interested in understanding the ways in which racial and ethnic minorities navigate political institutions and become elected officials. On this topic, her research investigates how electoral, institutional, and structural forces, as well as political parties and policy demanders shape the path of Latinos and members of other underrepresented communities to elected office.



  • Ocampo, Angela X. and John L. Ray. 2019. "Many are called but few are chosen: The emergence of Latino congressional candidates.'' OnlineFirst. Politics, Groups and Identities. doi:10.1080/21565503.2019.162996

    • Winner of Swarr Prize, Best Graduate Student Paper, UCLA Department of Political Science.

  • Gutierrez, Angela E., Angela X. Ocampo, Matt A. Barreto and Gary Segura. 2019. "Somos Más: How Racial Threat and Anger Mobilized Latino Voters in the Trump Era." OnlineFirst. Political Research Quarterly. doi:10.1177/1065912919844327

  • Ocampo, Angela X., Karam Dana and Matt A. Barreto. 2018. "The American Muslim Voter: Community Belonging and Political Participation.'" Social Science Research. doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.02.002 

  • Ocampo, Angela X. 2018. "The Wielding Influence of Political Networks: Representation in Majority- Latino Districts." Political Research Quarterly. 71(1):184-198. [PDF] [Replication] [Supplement]

  • Garcia-Rios, Sergio, Angela X. Ocampo, Tyler Reny and Bryan Wilcox-Archuleta. 2017. "El peso del voto latino en 2016." Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica, 17(1):1-15. [PDF]

Edited Volume Book Chapters
  • Gutierrez, Angela E., Angela X. Ocampo and Matt A. Barreto. 2019. "Obama’s Latino Legacy: From Unknown to Never Forgotten." In Andrew Rudalevige and Bert Rockman (eds.) The Obama Legacy. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press. 

Other Academic Works

  • Encyclopedia Entries for: Thomas Perez, Janet Murgia, Ruben Gallego and Norma Torres. Forthcoming in Latinos in the American Political System: An Encyclopedia of Latinos as Voters, Candidates, and Office Holders, Jessica Lavariega-Monforti, ed. ABC-CLIO.

  • Latino Representation in "Voting and Political Representation in America: Issues and Trends." Mark P. Jones, ed. ABC-CLIO.

Under Review​​

  • Bawn, Kathleen, Stephanie DeMora, Andrew Dowdle, Spencer Hall, Angela X. Ocampo, Mark Myers and John Zaller. "Chaos or Coordination? Duvergerian Logic in U.S. House Primary Elections." Revise and Resubmit.

  • Ocampo, Angie N. and Angela X. Ocampo. "Disaggregating the Latina/o/x 'Umbrella': The Political Attitudes of U.S. Colombians." Under review.

Working papers and book projects

  • Ocampo, Angela X.  "The Politics of Inclusion: A Sense of Belonging and Latino Political Participation.'' Working book project.

  • Bawn, Kathleen, Knox Brown, Angela X. Ocampo, Shawn Patterson, John L. Ray, John Zaller.  "Parties on the Ground: A Study of Nominations to the U.S. House of Representatives." Working book project.

  • Ocampo, Angela X. "Habitual Political Participation Among Latinos." Winner of WPSA Pi Sigma Alpha Award. Working paper.

  • Gutierrez, Angela, Angela X. Ocampo, and Bryan Wilcox-Archuleta. "The Primacy of Policy Positions in the Political Decision Making Process of Latinos." Working paper.

  • Ocampo, Angela X. and  John L. Ray. "Endorsement Networks and Latino Candidates: The National Disconnect."

  • Oaxaca, Ana and Angela X. Ocampo "Minority Descriptive Representation at the Municipal Level." Working paper. 

  • Garcia-Rios, Sergio and Angela X. Ocampo. "A Novel Approach and New Measure of Latino Ethno-racial Resentment." Working paper.

  • Cervas, Jonathan R. and Angela X. Ocampo. "Representation of Non-Eligible Resident Populations in Legislative Bodies." Working paper.